As you have business relationship in China, you may need visit China to meet your partners or friends. Applying one Chinese visa is a must you need consider firstly, here we share information about Chinese visa types and requriement documents you need prepare.
- Business Visa (M)
- Crew Visa (C)
- Diplomatic and Service Visa
- Family Visit Visa (Q1 and Q2)
- Group Visa
- Talent Visa (R)
- Journalist Visa (J)
- Non-Commerce Visa (F)
- Private Visa (S)
- Relatives of Foreigners Visa
- Resident Visa (D)
- Study Visa (X)
- Tourist Visa (L)
- Work Visa (Z)
Business visa is short for M visa, issued to those who plan to visiting China for business activities. M Visa is usually issued for single-entry, double-entry or multiple-entry. The vilid time is up to 10 years. The duration of stay (each visit) is normally 30-60 days based on particular Chinese Consulate.
For business visa, you need prepare information or documents on the commercial activity issued by a trade partner in China, or trade fair invitation or other invitation letters issued by relevant entity or individual.
Crew Visa is aslo called C visa, which is Issued to foreign crew members for international matters including: aircraft, trains, ships, or motor drivers who engaged in cross-border transport activities. Also issued to their family members. For US passport holder, the Multiple-entry up to 5 years.
A letter of guarantee issued by a foreign transport company or an invitation letter issued by a relevant entity in China is needed.
Diplomatic and Service Visa
Issued to foreign government officials and the staff of diplomatic missions and of the United Nations who travel to China for official missions.
Family visa is also called Q Visa, it includes two types Q1 and Q2.
Q1 visa is Issued to those who are family members of Chinese citizens or of foreigners with Chinese permanent residence and intend to go to China for family reunion, or to those who intend to go to China for the purpose of foster care. The intended duration staying in China exceeds 180 days.
Interview may be required.This visa is issued for single-entry only. Holders of Q1 Visa can, within 30 days from the date of entry, register and apply for the residence permit in Public Security Bureau (police station). If you get the residence permit, you can get access for multiple entry.
Q2 is designed for Chinese descendants or foreigners who are spouses of Chinese citizens. Issued to those with the intention of visiting their relatives who are Chinese citizens residing in China or foreigners with permanent residence status in China. The intended duration of stay in China is no more than 180 days.
Talent Visa is also called R visa, it is Issued to those who are high-level talents or whose skills are urgently needed in China.
Last year, the government relaxed rules for foreign top talents, enabling them to obtain multiple-entry R Visas valid for either five or 10 years, with a maximum stay per entry of 180 days. Spouses and children of R Visa holders will also be allowed to enter the country on an R Visa. Visa processing time in this category has also been expedited.
Now there are two types of journalist visa, one is J-1, and another is J-2.
J-1 visa is ssued to resident foreign journalists of foreign news organizations located in China. The intended duration staying in China exceeds 6 months.
J-2 is issued to foreign journalists who intend to go to China for short-term news coverage. The intended duration staying in China is no more than 6 months.
This visa is come from business visa which had been used days ago. Now it is seperated as Non-commerce visa, or F visa. F visa is issued to those who intend to go to China for research, lecture, scientific, cultural exchange and study tour. F visa is normally issued for single or double entry only. The duration staying in China is normally 30-90 days.
For private visa, there are two kinds, one is S1 visa and another one is S2 visa.
For S1 visa, the valid period time is more than 180 days. It is issued for spouses, parents, sons or daughters under the age of 18 or parents-in-law of foreingers who working or studying in China, or other personal reasons for whom need to stay in China for long days.
For S2 visa, it is similar as S1 visa, the difference is the valid period time is no more than 180 days. The intended duration staying in China is normally granted as 30 – 90 days per visit. S2 visa is usually issued for multiple-entry. Multiple-entry up to 10 years is only issued to US passport holder.
Residence visa is also called D visa. It is issued to those who intend to reside in China permanently.
There are two kinds of study visa. One is X1 visa, and another is X2 visa. The difference is that the X1 visa staying in China time is more than 180 days, the X2 visa timeline is no more than 180 days. They are both issued to people who intend to study in China.
Tourist visa is called L visa, it is issued to people who plan to visit China someday for sightseeing. People need show the hotel and air tickets reservation documents while appling tourist visa. Single-entry, double-entry or multiple-entry are all available for tourists.
Work visa is also called Z visa. It is issued to people who have rights to work in China. People need show their working permission or employment license. Z visa is issued for single-entry only. Holders of Z Visa shall, within 30 days from the date of entry, register and apply for the residence permit in Public Security Bureau (police station). Residence permit is good for multiple entry. Z visa is also issued to people conducting commercial performance in China.